Program of the 1th day .
Today’s total distance is 350 km , 6-7 hours .
We are going from the airport to Petrosani through the highest – 2120 m - road in Romania , called Transalpina .
Accomodation in Petrosani in hotel or pension .
Program of the day 2
Today’s total distance is 200 km
One of the attractions in the area is Bolii Cave . Historians believe it was inhabited during the Neolithic and then in the Bronze Age. In fact the cave is officially mentioned in the chronicles of Vienna in the early 1400s. The cave got its name from Bolia family, the beneficiary of a piece of land gifted by King Sigmund, during 1404. The inside is easy to get through, as its height is between 10 and 12 meters. Although it has a length of 455 meters, only 75 meters from the cave are available to visitors. Due to Jupaneasa Creek carving the Jurassic limestone these natural jewels came to life.
Banitei Karst Canyon
Banitei Canyon is located 8 kilometers away from Petrosani, Hunedoara County on Banita-Merisor-Baru corridor. Banitei Gorges are rather small, about 200 meters but extremely spectacular. They are carved in Mesozoic limestone by Jupaneasa Creek.
The easiest way to visit the canyon is by water. In summer, when there are no heavy rains, the water level doesn’t reach the knee, but it is a little bit above the ankles. In spring time or on rainy weather, the access is slightly more difficult, due to the higher water level.
Crivadiei Gorges, also known as the Natural Reservation of Crivadiei Gorges, is located across the Natural Park Gradistea Muncelului – Cioclavina, near the village Crivadia, Hunedoara County, Transylvania, at an altitude of about 788 meters, in the southwestern part of the Runcu hill in Sureanu Mountains. Known since Dacian times, the gorges used to be a barrier against invaders .
Crivadiei Gorges form a protected area of national interest, located in the Natural Park Gradistea Muncelului-Cioclovina. The reserve has an area of 10 hectares, located at the contact zone of the Sureanu Mountains with Hategului depression in the marginal zone of Jurassic limestones, which contributed to the creation of the very spectacular Crivadiei Gorges, with a base width of 3 to 4 meters and a wall height of 60 to 70 meters. Crivadiei Gorges Nature Reserve is a protected area of national interest and was founded in 1979.
Trips here are highly recommended in the dry summer months, when the river flow doesn’t exceed a brook’s level, because the gorges are accessible only by trail.
Legend has it that the weary Hercules stopped in the valley to bathe and rest. Unearthed stone carvings show that visiting Roman aristocrats turned the town into a Roman leisure center. Six statues of Hercules from the time have been discovered. A bronze replica of one of them, molded in 1874, stands as a landmark in the town center. Austrian and Ottoman troops clashed here after the Ottoman victory in the battle of Mehadia on 30 August 1788. The Ottomans won the skirmish, took the town on 7 September 1788 and advanced to Caransebeș. It was retaken by the Austrians at the end of September 1789.
In modern times, the spa town has been visited for its supposedly natural healing properties: hot springs with sulfur, chlorine, sodium, calcium, magnesium and other minerals, as well as negatively ionized air. Before World War II, when the first modern hotel was built it remained a popular destination with Western Europeans. During the Communist rule, mass tourism facilities were built, such as the 8- to 12-storied concrete hotels Roman, Hercules A, Hercules B, Afrodita, Minerva, Diana, UGSR, etc. which dominate the skyline. It was visited by all kinds of people, but was especially popular with employees and retirees, who would spend their state-allotted vacation vouchers there, hoping to improve their health. Today, they share the town with a younger crowd. New privately owned pensions and hotels appeared after 1989 . Some of the Austro-Hungarian era buildings are derelict for the time being, including many of the baths, because of post-communism property related issues.
Accomodation in Baile Herculane in hotel or pension .
Programe of the day 3
Today’s total distance is 120 km
Its name, Vânturătoarea (translation: fan/fanner), is easy to understand once you see it in action. Its free fall is shortly interrupted by a stone step about halfway up. So from this point down the water is much more airy and any small breeze can blow the fine water drops in any direction.
We can see this beautiful waterfall from a close distance. It overwhelms you from the start. There's no other way to put it. The water falls from somewhere over a huge rock wall. It's really impressive! It has a 40 meters free fall . It takes 1.5 hours to reach here .
Cerna valley view point
From the watrerfall we can reach by hiking the view pont, it takes 1,5 hours .
This gorges it’s only 300 meters long and it takes about 20 minutes to cross .
Accomodation in Baile Herculane in hotel or pension .
Programe of the day 4
Today’s total distance is 180 km
This waterfall was ranked #1 in a top made by The World Geography which ranked the most unique waterfalls in the world.
The beauty of this waterfall consists in it's beautiful shape: like a gigantic mushroom, all covered in green moss and the water trickling gently on the base of the mushroom shape. It's very elegant and beautiful. We can also admire it closer if you carefully go down under the bridge, but we need to be very careful because it is not meant for tourists to go there.
From the car parking area we are walking 3 km (40 minutes) to reach the small but very beautiful Bei Eye lake .
Once we reach the lake we willl see it's trademark turquoise colour especially if it's a sunny day. Actually this colour is caused by the sediments on the bottom of the lake which reflect the sunlight so that it results this astonishing colour.
It was hard to leave this beautiful lake but the jewel of this trail is just around the corner. The jewel is of course Beușnița waterfall just 1 km away from Bei Eye Lake. The trail continues through the beautiful forest.
It takes you no more than 20 minutes to reach this amazing waterfall.
Actually, the most correct way to name this place is Beușnița waterfalls because here we can see several waterfalls one on top of the other. The biggest one is about 5 meters high. The rock is completely covered by green fluffy moss. The flow of water it depends on rainy days . However if we visit it after a strong rain we will see the complete spectacle. But It is beautiful even with a reduced flow.
The water trickles on the green moss gently and the waterfall structure is massive.
Accomodation inear to the Danube river bank in hotel or pension .
Programe of the day 5
Today’s total distance si 100 km
The Danube Gorges
The Danube Gorges, also known as The Danube Boilers. It's the place where the Danube passes through the Carpathian Mountains.
The Danube Gorges are special because, for 9 kilometres, the Danube narrows to about 230 meters.
In this narrow place the Danube flows much quicker and that's why it's also called the Danube Boilers since here you can see numerous vortices that give you the sensation that the water is boiling . Here, the maximum depth is about 75 meters. It's a show for tourists but a nightmare for navigators who have to struggle with the changing water speed and the narrowness.
The Big Boilers, the longest of the Boilers, are 4 km long and are surrounded by the Ciucarul Mare (Romania) and Veliki Strbac (Serbia) mountains.
First we are hiking to the best view point , witch it takes 1-1.5 hours to reach the peak Ciucarul Mare , where we have an excellent panorama over the Danube and the Danube Boilers.
The trail towards the peak where we will have this beautiful panorama starts on the side of the DN 75 road. First we cross a meadow and then the trail continues into the woods. At the start of the trail we will see an information panel. We will see quite a lot of lizards here but the area is also known for vipers. So we have to use trekking poles in order to cause vibration in the ground so that any snakes head for cover. It takes about 1-1.5 hours minutes to reach the peak and here you will be high up on the cliffs looking over the beautiful Danube.
After our hiking we going down to the river bank and we will hire a motorboat . Our trip with the boat which will led us through the spectacular Danube Boilers and we will visit a fantastic cave .
The entrance is very spectacular: you go with the boat straight from the Danube inside the cave! It's true that we are only able to enter for just a few meters but the sensation of entering inside the huge mountain side straight from the Danube is unique. This cave is truly special: it has another entrance on land. The cave is 1666 m long and if you cross it you'll reach the Danube, in the exact same point where we entered by boat.
From the cave we going to visit the Decebal's bas-relief . This bas-relief is 55 meters high and is placed on the rocky Danube shore close to Orșova city, just between Eșelnița and Dubova villages. This impressive bas-relief represents Decebal, the last Dacian king, and is sculpted in the
Decebal's mountain side. It is the biggest rock sculpture made in Europe. It was made between 1994 and 2004 by the Romanian historian and businessman Iosif Contantin Drăgan. It is truly impressive and a tourist magnet .
Accomodation near to the Danube river bank in hotel or pension .
Programe of the day 6
Today’s total distance si 650 km
Corvin Castle – Hunedoara
(200 km – 3 hour drive)
The greatest Gothic-style castle in Romania, Corvin was built by the Anjou family on the site of a former Roman camp. The castle served as a fortress until the mid-14th century when it became the residence of Transylvania's ruler, Iancu de Hunedoara. Iancu upgraded the fortress transforming it into the most stunning castle in Transylvania .
The beautifully preserved structure features a sumptuous Knights' Hall, an impressive drawbridge, high buttresses, inner courtyards, a chapel and some 50 rooms resplendent with medieval art.
During the 14th and 15th centuries, Hunedoara was one of the main iron extraction and processing centers in Transylvania. Swords and spears manufactured here during this period were renowned across Europe.
The castle's courtyard features a 100-ft. well dug into stone, in the 15th Century. Legend says that the wheel was dug by three Turkish prisoners. It took them 15 years and 28 days to reach water.
(200 km – 3 hour drive)
In 1948, Fagaras Fortress was taken over by the communists and functioned as a political prison until it was turned into a museum.
Built in 1310 on the site of a former 12th century wooden fortress (burned by the Tartars in 1241), Fagaras was enlarged between the 15th and 17th centuries and was considered one of the strongest fortifications in Transylvania. The fortress was surrounded by a deep moat which, in times of war or social unrest, could easily be filled with water from a nearby mountain brook. A bridge over the moat provided the only access point. The fortress boasts three floors and five towers.
Throughout the years, Fagaras Fortress functioned mainly as a residence for various princes and their families. Transylvanian Prince Gabriel Bethlen (1613-1629), strongly influenced by the Italian Renaissance, brought architects and glassmakers from Italy who rebuilt the fortress, bestowing elegance and beauty to the construction. During the rule of Georg Rákóczi (1630-1649), the castle's fortifications were doubled and the moat was enlarged. Ráckózi had the bastions ,
bridged and covered, the moat paved with stones, the bridge and the casemates repaired and a guardhouse built.
Records show that the interior must have been luxurious in the 17th century; unfortunately, little of its former grandeur has been preserved. The castle was deprived of its decorations and fancy furniture when it was turned into a military garrison in the 18th century.
Today, the beautifully preserved fortress houses the Fagaras County Museum, displaying Roman artifacts, a collection of medieval weapons and traditional folk crafts. The museum also hosts a beautiful collection of icons painted on glass.
After visiting the fortress we are going towards to Bucharest , 250 km , 4 hours driving .
Accomodation in Bucharest ,near to the airport .
End of the program :(